Tiszavidék


IPA

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CSONGRÁD

General information

 

Area

 173,89 km²

Population

17478 

Population density

100,51 /km² 

Twin towns

 Raisio (Finland), Óbecse (Bečej, Serbia), Bełchatów (Poland) and Saint-Jouvent, Couzeix, Chaptelat, Nieul, Nantiat, Chamboret, Thouron, Le Buis, Breuilaufa, Vaulry(France)

Amorial bearings

 

History

 

According to Anonymus, in 896, the tribe of Ond settled in this region with the permission of prince Árpád. Ete, son of Ond, had an earth fort built by the Slavs, which was named 'Csernigrád' (Black Fortress). It was first mentioned in the establishing charter of the Abbey of Garamszentbenedek in 1075. Csongrád was ravaged by the Tatars in 1242. Later, in the 15th century, John Hunyadi bought the city from the Kátay family. In 1702, the chamber had a 40 thousand forint debt, so Leopold I gave Csongrád and Hódmezővásárhely to Lipót Schlick in exchange for money. After Rákóczi’s War of Independence, in 1722, Csongrád became property of Count Sándor Károlyi. In 1849, the Austrians set the city on fire. In the 1930s János Piroska was the famous mayor of Csongrád. During his governing period many plane trees were planted in the streets and public areas of Csongrád, and they still define the image of Csongrád today.